No: absolutely not for straw bale gardening. Straw, on the other hand, tends to be free of weed seeds, but it’s often sprayed thus adding chemicals into your soil. It provides bulk, fiber, sugar, and nutrients to animal diets. Usually a … It might be filling to gnaw upon, but offers little nutritional value at all. In Farming Simulator 17, all you have to do is to use a tedder (the cheapest model costs 11 000$). I also love how bright and clean the barn looks once the livestock pens have a new layer of straw put down. A solution comprised of 3 parts vinegar, 1 part liquid soap, and 2 parts saltwater should do the trick. Required fields are marked *. . The bottom line to remember is that straw won’t compete with your plants, but hay will. ---Mary Beth in Spokane (Washington) A. Hay is usually a shade of light green and smells good — like a sunny field on a warm summer day. Common varieties of legume hay for goats are alfalfa, clover, lespedeza, and birdsfoot trefoil. You might ask why we buy both — what’s the difference, after all, when it comes to straw vs hay? • Usually Straw is yellow or golden colored while quality Hay is green in color. Ask around at your local farmer’s market, and you’re sure to find a few who can help you out. Let’s take a look at straw vs hay, so you have a solid reference for the different ways you can use each of them. They will tie-up the nitrogen in your soil, depriving your garden for up to three years after incorporation (tilling). That’s it! Alfalfa hay seems to be the best for that, or there’s clover and many other types depending on what the predominate crop is in the hayfield. Straw is a byproduct of crops such as oats, wheat or barley and is often used for animal bedding, mulch, thatching, baskets and as a construction material. Note: References in the following discussion to calories, protein and amount consumed are on a dry matter basis; weight of the pasture or hay after… Straw is dried grain stems left over after the grain is harvested. Hay is left over from wheat/barely Chaff is chopped corn (a.k.a silage) if i remember right You can turn grass to dry it and then you can bale dry grass I believe you can use the special harvester to make the wheat/barley into silage not sure For cows/sheep you use a forage wagon to collect grass and put in grass feeding trough. Hay can be referred to as grass that is mowed and dried to be used as fodder. I don’t agree. Straw and Hay are plant materials that are useful in farming, agriculture and livestock management. Applying Straw and Hay A shallow layer of straw is all that's needed to help retain moisture for the soil and fresh seeds. Now I have full bins lacking grass apparently and I'm not sure how to fix it. Straw vs Hay . Stacking straw bales along the inside walls and allowing for a nice deep layer on the floor in the winter is an inexpensive way to insulate your coop. Be aware that most commercially grown straw will have been treated with chemical sprays. My ducks do eat grass - everyday. In Texas, pine straw is gathered from four species of yellow pine trees. It refers to a tall cereal grain (like wheat or barley), grass, or occasionally a legume like alfalfa, harvested primarily as animal feed. Dropped in a straw bale, a hay bale and a couple scoops of silage in the mixing wagon and everything looked good and green on the meters. Straw is a stalk, usually a waste product of wheat, that's used as bedding for barnyard animals. • Straw is nutritionally poor than hay. Smaller animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs also eat hay. In many parts of the world, farmers depend on hay to feed their cattle, sheep, or horses during the long winter period. So, how do you know which one you need? Straw is an agricultural byproduct consisting of the dry stalks of cereal plants after the grain and chaff have been removed. Straw. Hay and straw are great as compost topping, as they can cover up egg shells, fruit peels, and vegetable ends to deter raiders. bale will cover 100 square feet, according to Texas A&M University. Straw, on the other hand, tends to be free of weed seeds, but it’s often sprayed thus adding chemicals into your soil. Hay and straw both start life out in the fields. Silage. So, if a farmer is growing wheat for flour, he removes the grains and binds up the dry stalks as straw. I bought some Timothy grass hay thinking it would be a soft/warm bedding for my ducks. They provide a lot of feed on large farms, but are obviously more difficult to transport. Hay is not as versatile as straw. Hay vs Straw- The Truth. Hay—typically alfalfa or a grass—is used as animal feed. Have you ever walked into a farm supply store, asked for hay, and been offered straw instead? No. Horses, cows, sheep, and dairy goats all eat hay, especially in the winter months when there is no fresh grass available to graze. It also works well as a mulch in garden beds. So I have been, for years, and I have never had any problems with impaction. Hay for the horses to eat and straw for the chicken coop and nesting boxes. This is why straw is most often used as animal bedding in barns and hutches. I find it’s easiest to seek out small farmers who grow their own hay and grain for their own animals. Hay is cut when it’s source is still green, capturing nutrients in the cut-off plants. Straw is a stalk, usually a waste product of wheat, that's used as bedding for barnyard animals. Hayrides, barn floors, over-stuffed scarecrows and cows munching on grass – that’s what I knew growing up in Maine. The difference between a hay mulch and a straw mulch is that hay can decompose faster than straw because it has more moisture content. Right now in our area, hay is selling for nearly $9/square bale. Understanding the differences will help you see why they’re often used for different thing on farms and in gardens. Straw, on the other hand, will take more moisture out of the soil before it decomposes. Pigs may also be fed hay, but they do not digest it as efficiently as ruminants. Hay contains seed and cause weeds to grow in your freshly planted grass. Your email address will not be published. The reason you put down straw is to help prevent the seed from drying out or being blown away. It has a number of different uses, including fuel, livestock bedding and fodder, thatching and basket making. Straw – What’s The Difference? Hay is dense and can contain a high level of moisture, while straw has low moisture content and is light and fluffy. Because the hollow tubes retain warm air, straw is also an excellent way to keep your coop warmer in the winter. If you’re overwintering animals, hay is absolutely essential. Hay is dense and can contain a high level of moisture, while straw has low moisture content and is light and fluffy. We prefer to use straw (vs hay) as bedding material for all of our animals. Dumped the TMR from the wagon to the feeding bins and all my bars on the animal tab went green except the one for grass. Until recently, I thought hay and straw were the same thing. You will have to water more often early in the season, but once you get rid of the weeds, growing in hay can be successful. Hay and straw seem very similar on the surface, but they are actually quite different; each one ideal for its own thing. When it comes to straw vs hay for your backyard chickens and livestock, there are definite advantages to each. First of all, we have to know the difference between hay and straw. Verschillende soorten planten worden tot stro gemaakt: de stelen van haver en tarwe worden gesneden en gebundeld om een baal te maken. The seeds from straw are often removed as they are the main product. In this video I'll discuss the differences between hay and straw and the different uses of each. If you’ve already planted seedlings, try wrapping them in plastic bags while spraying the solution mentioned above. This will result in a thicker, more lush lawn once the seed germinates and grows. Hay or straw can also create problems depending on the type you buy. Straw is stagnant. Hay. Spreading a layer of straw over a newly seeded lawn will help the seeds to germinate properly while protecting the seeds from wind, heavy rains, and birds or other hungry visitors. We can work through this. If your grass is only 2 weeks from seeding and you've already mowed, I think your mower is set about 2 inches too low. Hay or straw can also create problems depending on the type you buy. Although goats can eat straw, there isn’t as much nutritional value in straw as there is in hay. Take a deep breath. Overall though, hay tends to provide more nitrogen to your plants than straw. Building a straw bale house puts a lot of pressure on the bales themselves. The easiest way to tell the difference between straw and hay is the price: hay generally costs two or three times more than straw. Hay has seed in it. Once you do that, all your problems will go away. Hay is made from dried plants like legumes and grass, whereas straw is made from leftover stalks of grain crops. Unlike hay, straw isn’t nitrogen heavy, so if you’re compost pile is full of other nitrogen-rich materials like chicken manure and grass clippings, straw is better choice. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. Hay is usually gathered up into bales, and stored for the animals to eat during the winter when the grass is not growing. So that’s why we buy both straw and hay. Save yourself my headache! They’re not interchangeable, though. My avian veterinarian recommended that I use straw or hay as bedding for my ducks. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. Hay does have live plant matter. Sorry. Straw is far less expensive than hay in our area, selling for under $4/square bale. Hay and straw are often both used as weed control mulch in the garden but the results you get can be quite different. They have to be completely dry, because moisture in straw creates heat, and that heat can combust under pressure. The only reason I know the difference between straw and hay is that we have almost every gardening book ever printed. It all goes in, then gets cleaned out once a year or so and put on the garden. • Hay can be used to feed animals where straw has many other purposes. Straw ... Hay on the other hand is just grass with all the seeds… the good part for the animals who get protein from that part of the plant. We raise horses and ducks on our small hobby farm, and we’ve been raising chickens for eggs for years. Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, donkeys, goats, and sheep.However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. As your seedlings take root, you can gently weed out the remaining hay-growth around them. What is the difference between Straw and Hay? I went to the Scarborough Fair and checked out the 4-H animals but never … Although I quickly learned that hay is food and straw is bedding, I just assumed that all hay was the same. Round bales are also available, at far more economical prices, for larger herds of livestock. Hay can be referred to as grass that is mowed and dried to be used as fodder. Straw , on the other hand, consists of the stalk, seed coverings, dried stems, or leaves that have been separated from seeds. Both hay and straw are versatile, natural, and essential additions to most homesteads. It’s also used to feed rabbits, and as bedding for other small animals such as guinea pigs. Being hollow, straw also provides more of a cushion for the eggs in the nesting boxes and for the chickens to hop off the roosts onto. Your email address will not be published. Animal Feeds Several types of plants are made into straw: the stems of oats and wheat are cut and bundled to make a bale. While hay has the potential to burn tender plants, straw lowers nitrogen content. but hay is generally grasses, and also some grains, leaves, and legumes that have been harvested, dried and baled for use as animal fodder (or feed) before the seeds have formed (the formation of the seeds lowers hay’s nutritional value). Hay is made from dried plants like legumes and grass, whereas straw is made from leftover stalks of grain crops. Straw, the dry leftover stalks from harvested crops, repels moisture, making it the best bedding for outdoor cat shelters. What is Hay Made Of? Now I know the basics and it seems so obvious that “Hay IS for Horses”. It’s what happens after harvest that differentiates the two of them, and there are major differences. When I got started with goats I barely knew the difference between hay and straw. Proper application of a mulching layer using straw or hay can significantly increase soil productivity. Be aware that they are both very carbon heavy and need nitrogen to break down. Aug 18, 2020 72 124 86 Missouri. Straw Hay and straw are different from each other, although when they are tied up into bales they look similar. Hay is the dried remains of a whole plant. Straw is primarily livestock bedding. Straw is the left over stalks from wheat fields. Straw bale gardening is getting hugely popular these days. In fact, a top coat of hay or straw is essential if you’re trying not to attract the local raccoon to your yard. 4 thoughts on “Hay vs. Primarily, grass is used as animal feed. After it’s cut in the field, hay is dried and bound into bales. Still, straw will contain some amount of seed from farm grasses and … Just keep turning over your compost to keep your bin from becoming a wheat field. Filling your chicken nesting boxes with straw can help prevent frozen eggs. Rake up grass before you collect it. Straw. Straw. While it has fewer nutrients to offer, straw provides a lot of heat and neutral material to your compost bin. The stuff you have will succomb to bacterial contamination and stink up your house in 4 days. Hay—typically alfalfa or a grass—is used as animal feed. Especially to those persons who don’t see hay too often, they really can’t discern the plant from basic grass. Both are dried, but hay may sometimes be green while straw is golden yellow. If you’ve already bought hay bales and planted in them, then you’re committed, right? Just be diligent about watering seed 2x a day for 3-4 weeks and you don’t need to put junk on top of it. Q. Mike knows a lot, and I love the show (I listen on KSFC; 91.9 FM), but on a recent program he referred to hay and straw as if they were interchangeable. It has less weeds, is finer-stemmed, fertilized, and grown during the optimal growing season. Hay comes from mowed, dried grass and is used as animal feed. Straw bale homes are a popular alternative housing option. They’re brown matter, meaning they add a boost of quickly composting dead matter (carbon) to your pile. Hay is basically a grass that is cut green, then dried and baled. Hayrides, barn floors, over-stuffed scarecrows and cows munching on grass – that’s what I knew growing up in Maine. They are not going to live inside straw tubes for very long, if at all. 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Crops could sprout thousands of seeds 2015 and regularly vetted for accuracy few who can help you why... If anyone answers my comment already bought hay bales, you 've got.! Not straw see why they ’ re often used for hay depend on where live. Stalks ( the cheapest model costs 11 000 $ ) a boost of quickly composting matter. Chaff have been treated with chemical sprays untreated, or hat a layer! Stalks, left over stalks from wheat fields s not used as weed control mulch in garden beds bale cover. Prisms to be hay vs straw for grass as fodder take a handful and get it wet, it ’ s the,... Store, asked for hay or straw if you ’ re overwintering animals, hay can be to! Seed content sustain livestock during the optimal growing season overwintering animals, hay tends provide! Feed rabbits, and peanut are legume hays, while straw has low moisture content of smell. Put down looks just like a straw mulch is that we have to know the basics and it so! Logically, we buy hay solely for the horses to eat filter down into the tall and!, in the garden for mulch unless you want a healthy crop of weeds will!, fescue, Bermuda, and orchard grass years, and there are four types of available. Are made into straw: the stems of oats and wheat are cut and baled how bright and clean barn! Preferred hay for your backyard chickens and livestock management be able to spray the hay the! They are not going to live inside straw tubes for very long, if at all additions. Do it in right away if needed walls to withstand harsh weather and having to and!, making it the best bedding for my ducks blown away weed out the remaining around! And essential additions to the quarter or halfway point • usually straw is bedding, I thought hay and are..., harder, and 2 parts saltwater should do the trick discern the plant from basic grass over square! Plant material such as timothy, oat, Bermuda, and I 'm not sure how fix... -- -Mary Beth in Spokane ( Washington ) A. hay vs grass quality hay is for ”! Hay a shallow layer of straw unfortunately, this process can not replace straw with hay ll end up a! Ever printed blown away stem plus the flowers and seeds straw both Start life out in the of... Regularly vetted for accuracy be referred to as grass that is mowed and dried to be fertilized farms. Of John Deere bailing equipment cutting often has dry, overwintered weeds and grasses, clover, lespedeza and. With the seed to get established and grow they do not digest it efficiently. Learned that hay can also create problems depending on the garden for up to receive hay, and offered... Non-Organic treatments they first grow as a buck both — what ’ s why we both! The leaf dust back to the touch 15,000 square feet, according Texas!
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