In May 2017, Ofcom awarded the station a community licence to broadcast to Suffolk and north Essex on 648 kHz with a power of 1 kW. C/U of the record on the turntable. During 2013, a survey showed a continued move from satellite reception and growth in internet listening. The Radio Caroline name was used to broadcast from international waters, using five different ships with three different owners, from 1964 to 1990, and via satellite from 1998 to 2013. Radio Caroline's transmission output was almost 20 kW, achieved by linking two 10 kW Continental Electronics transmitters. Caroline claimed boarding the ship and removal or destruction of equipment was piracy. On New Year’s Eve 1964, the Postmaster-General, Anthony Wedgwood Benn, announced that he was seeking legislation to make sure that famine hit the Caroline ships. Radio Caroline continued on satellite but required manual tuning. (Gordon): Well, we're sorry to tell you that due to the severe weather conditions and the fact that we are shipping quite a lot of water, we are closing down, and the crew are at this stage leaving the ship. [clarification needed]. In Timaru, an NZBC station, originally 3XC, later 3ZC, broadcast as Radio Caroline until 1995. During mid-August 1989, authorities in several European countries carried out co-ordinated raids on houses, recording studios and offices believed to be used by Caroline. Following negotiations with the service provider, satellite transmissions ended at midnight on 30 September 2013. This is Radio Caroline, the ship that launched a thousand hits, a string of DJs and inspired a new film, The Boat That Rocked. In the evenings on 963, some alternative music programmes were tried, including the reggae "Jamming 963", and in 1986 and early 1987, a progressive and indie rock programme called Caroline Overdrive hosted by Tom Anderson, Fergie McNeal, Andy Johnson, Stevie Lane, Mark Matthews, Kevin Turner, Peter Phillips, Mick Williams (a.k.a. Dale is a member of the Pirate Radio Hall of Fame. Encouraged by Scandinavian and Dutch radio pirates, in February 1964 O'Rahilly obtained the 702-ton former Danish passenger ferry Fredericia, which was converted into a radio ship at the Irish port of Greenore, owned by O'Rahilly's father. During Easter 2008, the station broadcast live for three days from the Ross Revenge, featuring presenters who had worked on the Mi Amigo in the late 1970s: Roger Mathews, Mike Stevens, Bob Lawrence, Brian Martin, Martin Fisher, Cliff Osbourne, Jeremy Chartham, Marc Jacobs, Ad Roberts, Dick Verheul and Kees Borrell. Meanwhile, Radio Mi Amigo had interference on 1562 kHz and changed to 1412 kHz (212 m). Radio Caroline North subsequently moved to 257m (1169 kHz) but also called it 259. Later in 1973, when the contract with Radio Caroline ended, the crew of Radio Atlantis moved to their own ship, the MV Jeanine.. The ship was further delayed by hull damage, and repaired before writs could be issued. These broadcasts took place between 1970 and 1973.. The crew of the Sheerness lifeboat Helen Turnbull were commended for the rescue of broadcasters Tom Anderson, Stevie Gordon, Nick Richards and Hans Verlaan from Mi Amigo while it was sinking in the Black Deep near Long Sand Bank. These stories continued and included co-operation by a former member of the Beatles and a sign-on date of 1 July; the station failed to appear.  During this period each night transmission of Radio Caroline started with Calling Occupants of Interplanetary Craft by the progressive Rock Band Klaatu, issued in 1976 on their album 3:47 E.S.T. The station restarted just before Christmas as Radio 199 but soon became Radio Caroline, with a Top 40 format. The UK Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) put a permanent watch on movements around the Ross Revenge and the MV Communicator, Laser 558's ship. The BBC Light, Third, and Home programmes became Radios 2, 3 and 4 respectively. Throughout most of the 1970s, Radio Caroline could be heard only at night, calling itself "Europe's first and only album station". Here they produced programmes for Dutch-speaking holidaymakers, mostly Europop, Top 40, MOR and Dutch language popular music presented by Belgian, Dutch and occasionally English DJs with frequent commercials. This two-day broadcast featured Phil Mitchell, Paul Dennis, Colin Lamb, John Patrick, Barry James, Steve Cisco and Clive Boutell. Emperor Rosko (right) on the deck of the Radio Caroline ship Mi Amigo with fellow DJ Tom Lodge in 1966. When Radio Veronica closed in 1974, some presenters moved to Radio Mi Amigo.  Unlicensed by any government for most of its early life, it was a pirate radio station that never became illegal as such due to operating outside any national jurisdiction, although after the Marine Offences Act (1967) it became illegal for a British subject to associate with it. Later that day, the Dutch Royal Navy returned the crew and fighting broke out on board. By championing bands ignored by the establishment, the founder of Radio Caroline paved the way for the pirate DJs of soul, acid house and grime Radio Caroline founder dies aged 79 Radio Caroline began to broadcast from the ship on 19 August 1983, with unwanted mechanical sounds on speech. Engineer Peter Chicago had hidden transmitter parts during the raid and retuned one 5 kW transmitter, previously used on short-wave, to 558 kHz. Some of these 28-day Restricted Service Licence (RSL) broadcasts took place from the Ross Revenge during the 1990s, with the ship anchored off Clacton, in London's Canary Wharf, Southend Pier and off the Isle of Sheppey in Kent. One DJ, Tom Lodge, even took his long-term partner on board with him, who apparently used to walk around the boat wearing see-through negligee. At its peak, the station had 23 million listeners. Radio Caroline's founder, Ronan O'Rahilly, was diagnosed with vascular dementia in 2013; his death aged 79 on 20 April 2020 was announced by Radio Caroline. Ray Clark) and Rob Charles. Belgian courts sentenced Tack and some DJs to fines and jail in absentia, although the prison terms were later cancelled. The two stations were able to cover most of the British Isles. . Radio Caroline tried several frequencies, among them 963, 576, 585 (briefly), 558 (after Laser 558 closed) and later 819 kHz. Robbie moved from Dublin to Lanzarote (Canary Islands) in 1989, where he now operates a holiday apartment complex. Caroline can be heard on DAB+ in Aldershot, Birmingham, Cambridge, Brighton, Glasgow, Norwich, London, Portsmouth, Poulton-le-Fylde and Woking. The name was taken from Caroline Bay, a popular recreation area nearby. In December 1976, Radio Mi Amigo moved to 1562 kHz on the 50 kW transmitter, leaving Caroline on 1187 kHz 24 hours a day on the 10 kW. Radio Caroline was begun by Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly, after he failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI, Decca, Pye and Philips. “…and good morning everyone! . The 208 Top Twenty ran from Autumn 1948 until December 1992 on Radio Luxembourg. The station had some success but stopped broadcasting due to lack of funding. Part of the raid was broadcast live before officials disabled the transmitters. DJs could choose ordering of oldies – all current pop hits in strict rotation. Radio Caroline lobbied against the Labour Party, for the Conservative Party and for the introduction of licensed commercial radio in the United Kingdom. The radio channel was founded by her brother and she soon became one of the most loved radio personalities. The station's slogan was Your all-day music station.  Because of the Christmas holidays, no solicitors were available to issue a writ and the ship lay in Amsterdam harbour until O'Rahilly arranged for it to be towed back to sea. Smedley's men occupied the fort until 22 June. Listen without limits with BBC Sounds. The Mi Amigo returned to its Frinton-on-Sea anchorage with a redesigned antenna and a new 50 kW transmitter and attempted to resume broadcasting on 18 April, nominally on 259 metres to enable the same jingles as Radio Caroline North on 1169 kHz to be used, but actually 252 metres. He was given the nickname "The Admiral" by Dave Lee Travis because he reportedly liked the boat to be "shipshape"; he sometimes wore an admiral's uniform while doing his show. The next day, Calvert visited Smedley's home in Saffron Walden, Essex, to demand the departure of the raiders and the return of vital transmitter parts. Some DJs from the USA and Commonwealth countries, such as Graham Webb, Emperor Rosko, Steve Young, Keith Hampshire, Colin Nicol and Norman St John, were also heard. The DJs climb off one ship onto the other. Because commercial radio was prohibited in Belgium, Radio Mi Amigo had little competition from the former BRT State Radio and TV (today VRT Flemisch State radio and TV) and became very popular in Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK. Former offshore broadcasters who continue on the station are: Roger Mathews, Nigel Harris, Martin Fisher, Marc Jacobs, Johnny Lewis, Doug Wood, Dave Foster, Cliff Osbourne, Chris Pearson, Bob Lawrence, Jeremy Chartham and Ad Roberts. European medium wave channels had been reallocated to multiples of nine. It was launched at Easter 1964 when Simon Dee was its first ever DJ. 1,575 talking about this. In mid-September 1965, the crew and DJs on MV Mi Amigo were joined for the weekend by 1960s pop singer Sylvan Whittingham, who visited the ship to promote her single "We Don't Belong". In late 1977, Radio Caroline began sponsored evangelical programmes, and music programmes began at 9 p.m. On 20 October 1978, technical and financial problems put the Mi Amigo off the air. The medium wave frequency was 235 metres (1278 kHz) and programmes were sent through ISDN landline to Maidstone and via the internet and broadcast on satellite. A record is cued up. Simon Dee was later joined by Tony Blackburn, Tony Prince, Dave Lee Travis and Johnnie Walker. Radio Caroline DJ at work (Photo by Associated Newspapers / Rex Features) Radio Caroline was off the air for most of the 1990s, except for occasional low-power broadcasts of one month. It was renamed Radio Caroline South and MV Mi Amigo remained off Frinton-on-Sea while MV Caroline broadcast as Radio Caroline North. The band broke up in 1977; Watt-Roy and Charles played on Ian Dury's New Boots and Panties!! And seized because of lack of funding powered by ACRCloud after losing its anchor in a storm after its... 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